Appraisal Service and Solutions, LLC has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(Return to top) An appraiser provides an estimation that produces an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is discerned through the use of a formal process that generally uses the three main "common approaches to value". One of the processes in use is the Cost Approach, which finds what it would cost to restore the improvements to the property, minus depreciation and physical deterioration, plus the land value. Another of the approaches is the Sales Comparison Approach - which concerns finding a comparable analysis to other similar nearby properties which have recently sold. The Sales Comparison Approach is normally the most definitive and best indicator of value for a home. One of the least common approaches in appraising residential properties is the Income Approach, which is mainly used to determine the market value of a property based on what an investor would pay based on the income produced by the property.
Describe what an appraiser does(Return to top) An appraiser generates a professional, unbiased determination of market value, often in the context of a real estate purchase. Appraisers reveal the details of their analysis in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons someone would require a real estate appraisal?(Return to top) There are a lot of reasons to obtain an appraisal with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. A few other reasons for getting an report include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (Return to top)Home inspectors do not come to an opinion of value and are not appraisers. The purpose of a home inspection is to evaluate the structure of the home from foundation to rooftop. For the most part, a home inspection report will explain the amenities and the requirements of the home: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical services, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural integrity of the home such as the attic, exposed insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(Return to top) Honestly, they have nothing in common. The CMA uses market trends to create most of their business. An appraisal utilizes comparable sales that can be verified by public record. Also, the appraisal verifies other factors like condition, area and building prices. All a CMA does is generate a "ball park figure." An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
Who's behind the report is frankly the most significant difference between a CMA and an appraisal. A CMA is created by a real estate agent who may or may not have a true grasp of the market or valuation concepts. A certified, Missouri licensed professional who has formed their livelihood on valuing properties in and around Barton County is behind the appraisal. Likewise, the agent has a vested interest in the property's selling price whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to collect only a flat fee for assignments, regardless of their value conclusion.
What's in an appraisal report? (Return to top)The main point of an appraisal report is to let the reader know the value of the real estate in question, and depending on the scope of the report, one will customarily see the following:
Once the appraisal has been delivered, how can I have a guarantee that the value conclusion is legitimate?(Return to top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must make sure of the following:
Who employs appraisers?(Return to top) Typically, appraisers are hired by lenders to render a value opinion on a home involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the real estate is truly adequate collateral for the loan. Attorneys and CPAs also retain the services of appraisers for divorce and estate settlements.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Barton County or other areas?(Return to top) One of the primary things an appraiser does is to compile data. Data can be classified as either Specific or General. Specific data is from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are gathered by the appraiser while on site.
General data is received from a number of places. Local Multiple Listing Services (MLS) have information on recently sold homes that could be used as comparables. Tax records and other courthouse documents reveal actual sales prices in a market. Appraisers routinely have to report when a property lies in a flood zone, and that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And last but not least, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from creating appraisals for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me?(Return to top) An appraisal is a valuable tool anytime the value of your home is relevant to some financial decision. If you're selling your home, an appraisal helps you set a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value is essential to making wise financial decisions.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Return to top) PMI is short for for Private Mortgage Insurance. This additional plan takes care of the lender in the event a borrower is unable to pay on the loan and the market price of the house is lower than what is owed on the loan. Once you can prove the amount you owe on your home is less than 80% of the home's market value, you can make a case to your lender to drop the PMI.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal appointment(Return to top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general status of its features. Is there anything you can do to help? Yes there is! First, be sure the appraiser has easy access to the exterior of the house . Trim any landscaping and move any items that would get in our way while we measure the structure. On the inside, make sure the appraiser can get to appliances like furnaces and water heaters.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
Define "Market Value"(Return to top) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Does the appraisal belong to the bank or the consumer?(Return to top) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. While the buyer pays for the report as part of the closing costs, the lender retains the right to use the report or any information contained within. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these scenarios, the appraiser may define the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not stated otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
How can I get the most ROI out of home improvements?(Return to top) This really depends on where the home is. For example, if you're in a neigborhood of small to medium priced homes, a media room may not be something people in that price range want
As a rule, the best ROI from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, returning 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also increase the value of your home (when done well) as long as your home doesn't then become atypical for your neighborhood in terms of size.